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Gymnastics is the performance of systematic exercises, often with the use of rings, bars, and other apparatus, either as a competitive sport or to improve strength, agility, coordination, and physical conditioning. Gymnastics is a sport that involves the performance of systematic exercises, often with the use of rings, bars, and other apparatus.


The term gymnastics, which comes from a Greek word that means “to exercise naked,” was used in ancient Greece to refer to all of the exercises that were performed in the gymnasium, which was the only place where male athletes were allowed to exercise unclothed. Many of these exercises were eventually incorporated into the Olympic Games, which lasted until the Games were abandoned in 393 CE. Some of the competitions that were previously grouped together under this ancient definition of gymnastics have since evolved into separate sports, such as athletics (track and field), wrestling, and boxing.

Only tumbling and a primitive form of vaulting were known in the ancient world, whereas the rest of the modern events currently considered to be gymnastics were. A well-known fresco from Crete, which can be found in the palace at Knossos and shows a leaper performing what appears to be a cartwheel or handspring over a charging bull, is an example of a backbend and other stunts that were performed in pairs in Egyptian hieroglyphs. Tumbling was also considered to be an art form in ancient China. It is depicted in stone engravings from the Han period (206 BCE–220 CE) that were discovered in Shandong province that acrobatics are being performed.


Many of the world’s best gymnasts have come from Eastern Europe, including the Soviet Union. Larisa Latynina of Ukraine, who went on to become the Soviet Union team’s coach, is widely regarded as the greatest female gymnast of all time. She won the all-around title at two Olympics (1956 and 1960) and two world championships, and she was the first woman to do so (1958 and 1962). There has been no other gymnast who has achieved this level of success. Vra áslavská of Czechoslovakia was Latynina’s most formidable opponent, and she went on to become the Czech Republic’s Minister of Sport. áslavská won the all-around title three times, including two Olympic gold medals (1964 and 1968) and one world championship gold medal (1966).

Women’s gymnastics underwent a significant transformation during the 1970s, as younger and younger girls began competing in events. The Russian gymnast Olga Korbut and the Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci were both in their early twenties when they won gold medals at the Olympics. During the late 1970s and into the early 2000s, there was a significant increase in the number of teenage girls competing in international gymnastics competitions, which was directly related to the Korbut-Comăneci phenomenon. Many of these younger gymnasts, particularly those who trained long hours for competitions, had not yet reached menarche, and some of them used doping techniques to delay the onset of physical maturation and the resulting changes in a gymnast’s centre of gravity and weight, which would have occurred naturally otherwise. Coaching these young athletes presented challenges because many of them had been enticed or compelled by their families to train in unfamiliar surroundings, making it difficult to provide constructive feedback. By 2000, the minimum age requirement for gymnastics participants at the Olympics had been raised to 16 years old in order to address some of these issues.